Thursday, November 29, 2012

Engineering - The Most Popular Discipline Among Young Indians

The idea of engineering existed in the world since ancient times when humans made important inventions like lever, pulley and wheel. The earliest examples of engineering marvel can be traced back to the ancient times. Structures like the Acropolis, Pantheon, Colosseum, the Pyramids of Egypt and the Great Wall of China are all examples of engineering marvels.

Later in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries with the Industrial revolution, engineering as a field started developing when the first steam engine was built in 1698 by Thomas Savery. Slowly various branches of engineering started developing which included fields like mechanical, chemical, civil and so on. With the passage of time educational institutes were established that started offering courses on engineering. The oldest engineering college of the English speaking world is the School of Engineering, Trinity College, Dublin established in 1841.

In the Indian subcontinent, the history of engineering can be traced back to the days of the Indus Valley Civilization. Highly sophisticated drainage system and water storage systems exhibit the skills of the then engineers. Later, colonial India witnessed the growth and spread of science and engineering in leaps and bounds. Several Indian scholars were exposed to the western thoughts and science that gradually led to educated Indians accepting the discipline of engineering. Once recognized as a discipline, there increased a demand for engineering colleges in India. The first engineering college of the country was established in 1794, in Guindy, Tamil Nadu. It was affiliated to Madras University in 1859.

Later, as an independent nation, India entered into war with China in1962 (Sino-Indian War) and suffered huge loss and destruction. This led to swift changes in the country’s military policy. This was followed by India winning two successive wars against its neighbour Pakistan; one in 1965 and another in1971 where India helped in liberating Bangladesh from Pakistan’s colonialism. Definitely India’s engineers and military power was at the right place.

Post-Independence the country saw the establishment of the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) at Kharagpur, West Bengal. This opened the door to higher studies in engineering in India. By 1961, four more IITs were set up. With the passage of time, a demand for engineers increased and more and more young Indians aspired to become engineers. This led to the established of engineering colleges across the country. Engineering colleges were established in cities like Delhi/NCR, Bangalore, Kolkata and Mumbai. Gradually private players jumped into the field and became a dominant player. Many engineering colleges in Delhi/NCR are affiliated to private universities.

Even in an era of choices, engineering still dominates as a discipline which every science students would aspire to pursue after completing high school. There are more than 3000 engineering colleges in India, with a capacity of around 15 lakh seats across 36 courses, which have been approved by the All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE).

It is a fact that, an institute plays a vital role in providing a good platform for students. Globalization has helped India in becoming the cynosure of technical optimism. Demand for Indian engineers is high both nationally and internationally. There are several engineering colleges in the country offering degree in engineering. Delhi, the country’s capital is home to some of the best engineering colleges of the country.

Engineering colleges in Delhi/NCR offer a wholesome learning experience to its students. They are exposed to the latest trends in the market. The institutes follow unique methods of education that ensures overall development of the students and prepare them to face the corporate world with full confidence. Apart from the Indian Institute of Technology, (IIT Delhi), other engineering colleges of Delhi/NCR include Delhi College of Engineering, Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology, Engineering College for Women, Amity School of Engineering and Technology and many more. So those who are willing to pursue a career in engineering can try the engineering institutes in Delhi.


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